Simple and Complex Labour

Additionally, there are two kinds of labour according to Marx: Simple labour and complex labour. Simple labour is, well, simple, and it does not require much, if any,special abilities or specialized training. An example of this ‘simple labour’ is someone whose job on a construction site involves little more than transporting material from one place to another. Whereas complex labour would be the carpenters or engineers on the construction site, who have to actually participate in design and construction of the building as a result of many hours of  specialized training through a technical college, apprenticeship or university. Therefore, the socially necessary labour time to become a carpenter or engineer in the first place is far longer than the little to no time required to be a mere labourer or assembly line worker, which explains why the carpenter, engineer or similar other professions (such as doctors) can fundamentally fetch a higher wage. As capitalism develops and maintains itself, this is also impacted by the price system (ie; supply and demand) which we will talk a little bit more about shortly, as due to the low socially necessary labour time to be a simple labourer,as well as other traits like required intelligence and level of general education being relatively low, this high level of supply, especially in a place with high levels of unemployment, means the market price for those doing ‘simple labour’ is likely to go down at a faster rate than those doing more ‘complex labour’.